Freud famously wrote that depression was characterized by feelings of guilt or self-blame – and that was how it differed from ‘normal’ sadness.
Scientists have shown that the brains of people with depression respond differently to feelings of guilt – even after their symptoms have subsided.
Freud, at an early age, very much wanted fame and recognition. In his late 20s, he was beaten out by Carl Koller in the discovery of cocaine as an anesthetic, and that depressed him some. Later, through his work on psychoanalysis, dreams, and sexuality, Freud received worldwide recognition, and he acquired an intellectual community in which Freud was the leader.“For many years he suffered from periodic depression and fatigue or apathy, neurotic symptoms, including anxiety attacks,” according to The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud, authored by Ernest Jones, one of Freud’s disciples. An early Freud attempt to assuage his depression was cocaine use. When he was 28, Freud said, “In my last severe depression, I took coca again and a small dose lifted me to the heights in wonderful fashion. I am just now busy collecting the literature for a song of praise to this magical substance. . . .I take very small does of it regularly against depression and against indigestion, and with the most brilliant success.” Ultimately the cocaine treatment for depression was an embarrassing failure for Freud. After getting other’s addicted to it, Freud discovered cocaine’s dangers awfully..His such drastic approaches were not well-received by other physicians because he could not unequivocally prove them.And still he is the founder of many concepts that are being used in psychological treatment techniques,with all the credit.Most of his work depended on his own introspection and retrospection.